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海洋科学与工程学院专家讲座:应用Unscented Transformation方法预估入水的圆柱体轨迹(美国新奥尔良大学余小川主任研究员)
发布时间:2019-12-01 11:14:41   点击率:98

讲座题目:应用Unscented Transformation方法预估入水的圆柱体轨迹

主 讲 人:余小川  博士 (美国新奥尔良大学主任研究员)

讲座时间:2019年12月6日(周五)下午13:30-15:00

讲座地点:海洋楼109

讲座内容:

Experiments show that the behavior of dropped cylindrical objects may be stochastic if small disturbances exist at the initial moment. An envelope of various trajectories can be obtained from experimental tests. In addition, numerical results also indicate that small changes of initial states, e.g., drop angle, rolling frequency, and the selection of drag coefficient, affect the trajectory greatly. If the initial state follows the Gaussian distribution, it can be considered as a nonlinear prediction problem. The Unscented Transformation (UT) method, as a deterministic sampling method, can be used to predict the trajectory. In this paper, we firstly present a systematic formulation of the cylinder’s three-degree-of-freedom (3DOF) of motions as a state space model. Secondly, the UT method and the interval estimation method are employed to solve this prediction problem. Finally, the predicted trajectories will be compared with the experimental data. Meanwhile, two performance parameters are first proposed to evaluate the accuracy of predicted trajectory. Both parameters can be directly applied to the salvage and recovery of dropped objects in the offshore operations. In addition, the numerical results also show that the UT method is an efficient way to predict the trajectory of cylinders freely dropped into water.